PartⅠ Listening Comprehension
Section A: Conversations. (2’*15=30)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken ONLY ONCE. After each questions, there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C, and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with the single line through the center.
1. A. The woman is 5 minutes late.
B. The woman doesn’t know what to say.
C. The woman has eaten her lunch already.
D. The woman is hungry.
2. A. 55.
3. A. Put on some soft music.
B. Relax a spell.
C. Listen to soft music.
D. Go to work.
4. A. The woman has the wrong number.
B. The woman has a computer being repaired.
C. The man is at a flower shop with his computer.
D. The man has called the woman by mistake.
5. A. At home.
B. In the theatre.
C. In a car.
D. At a restaurant.
6. A. The woman is very lucky.
B. The woman is offering a class.
C. The man isn’t in the job center class.
D. The man isn’t happy with his boss.
7. A. The man is terrible.
B. The man didn’t realize what he had done.
C. The man didn’t step on the woman’s foot.
D. The man was taught good manners by his parents.
8. A. The woman doesn’t think much of the man’s job.
B. The woman has a paper with a new job for the man.
C. The man has found a new job in the paper.
D. The man has a job that involves pushing rocks off of hills.
9. A. In a classroom.
B. In a zoo.
C. In a study room.
D. In a forest.
10. A. A dead bird.
B. A sleeping bird.
C. A deer.
D. A pretty girl running.
11. A. The woman didn’t like taking with the man.
B. The woman enjoys taking with the man when she’s free.
C. The man is a student who is very serious about his studies.
D. The man is much too busy with his studies.
12. A. Taking to females in class.
B. Lying on the ground.
C. Asking seriously.
D. Sleeping in class.
13. A. The farm the woman moved to after the earthquake.
B. Ways the woman became safe from the earthquake.
C. The effect the earthquake had on the women’s cows.
D. The effect of the earthquake had on the farm.
14. A. On a path.
B. In a farmhouse.
C. In a rose-garden.
D. Out with the cows.
15. A. They were moved by 56 meters.
B. They were moved next to the roses.
C. They were moved to the front of the gate.
D. They were moved onto the path.
Session B: Passages. (2’* 10 = 20’)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passages, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken ONLY ONCE. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with the single line through the center.
Questions 16-19 are based on the passage you have just heard.
16. A. Discovering bad habits.
B. People not being alone.
C. Couples parting.
D. Finding Mr. Right.
17. A. Exactly 38 percent of people.
B. Exactly 35 percent of people.
C. Exactly 29 percent of people.
D. Exactly 28 percent of people.
18. A. People under 35 years old.
B. People between 35 and 54.
C. People over 55 years old.
D. Women of all ages.
19. A. They found their Mr. Right.
B. They suffered a broken heart.
C. They left their partner.
D. They agreed upon the breakup.
Questions 20-22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
20. A. Lower cost for buying bicycles.
B. Cars being left at home these days.
C. More knowledge about bicycles.
D. The need to keep the environment clean.
21. A. People want to save time.
B. Bicycles are not convenient.
C. People trust themselves with cars.
D. People are sure of their driving skills.
22. A. They need to leave their cars at home.
B. They need to have more knowledge about bicycles.
C. They need to do more physical exercise.
D. They need to live in the center of the city.
Questions 23-25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
23. A. Few children their parents were loving enough.
B. Few parents supported their children in entering Harvard.
C. Children who felt unloved weren’t as healthy later in life.
D. Parents aren’t warm enough for children to be healthy.
24. A. He hardly ever lived past his 50th birthday.
B. He became sick almost all of the time during mid-life.
C. He developed heart, blood, or drinking problems in mid-life.
D. He found relationships that he couldn’t enjoy.
25. A. Researchers believe it is meaningful.
B. It involves biological, psychological, and social factors.
C. This report claimed that this was the case.
D. Healthy people aren’t diagnosed with many health problems.
PartⅡ Grammar & Vocabulary. (2’ * 25 = 50’)
Directions: There are 25 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentences there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C, and D. Choose one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Write your answer on the Answer Sheet.
26. ______, John has been to several foreign countries.
A. Even he is young B. Young though he is
C. In spite of he is young D. Young is as he
27. We hadn’t met for 20 years, but I recognized her ______ I saw her.
A. the moment B. the moment when
C. for the moment D. at the moment when
28. ______ the movie I would have finished my paper last Sunday.
A. In spite of B. But for
C. Because of D. As for
29. The twentieth century has witnessed an enormous worldwide political, economic and cultural ______.
A. tradition B. transmission
C. transportation D. transformation
30. The ______ for the flat is $80 weekly.
A. price B. cost
C. hire D. rent
31. His dramatic change in opinion was ______ by the unspeakable wrong done to him.
A. brought out B. brought to
C. brought up D. brought about
32. When workers are organized in trade unions, employers find it hard to lay them ______.
A. off B. side
C. out D. down
33. The farmer had to wear heavy boots in the winner because the fields were too wet and ______.
A. earthy B. solid
C. dusty D. muddy
34. The government is believed to be considering ______ a law making it a crime to important any kind of weapon.
A. to pass B. have passed
C. passed D. passing
35. He is one of the most ______ singer in his country.
A. preferred B. known
C. favorable D. popular
36. My landlady wanted me to pay the rent in ______.
A. progress B. advance
C. development D. ahead
37. He was punished ______ he should make the same mistake again.
A. unless B. if
C. provided D. lest
38. I don’t know how we can make ______ on the timetable for any more courses.
A. schedule B. place
C. plan D. room
39. The firm decided after a board meeting that the old machinery in the factories ______.
A. do away B. be done away
C. has done away D. has been done away
40. How it is ______ your roommates request and yours are identical?
A. if B. what
C. so D. that
41. I’d like to take ______ of this opportunity to thank you all for your co-operation.
A. asked B. benefit
C. occasion D. advantage
42. George, together with some of his friends, ______ a race-horse.
A. are buying B. have bought
C. is buying D. have been bought
43. The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence, ______ and perfected right now.
A. developed B. have developed
C. will have been developed D. are being developed
44. There were many people present and he appeared only for a few seconds, so I only caught a ______ of him.
A. glance B. glimpse
C. look D. sight
45. I did not mean ______ anything, but those apples looked so good I couldn’t resist ______ one.
A. to eat...trying B. to eat...to trying
C. eating...to try D. eating...to trying
46. Professor Brown, together with three lecturers, ______ attending a meeting on energy now.
A. is B. are
C. was D. were
47. Since the publication of the novel, his reputation as a detective writer has been well ______.
A. based B. established
C. set D. built
48. Purchasing the new production line will be a ______ deal for the company.
A. forceful B. favorite
C. tremendous D. profitable
49. The manager promised to have my complaint ______.
A. looked through B. looked into
C. looked over D. looked after
50. Hot metal ______ as it grows cooler.
A. contracts B. reduces
C. condenses D. compresses
PartⅢ Cloze. (1.5’ * 20 = 30’ )
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passages. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the ONE that fits into the passage. Write your answer on the Answer Sheet.
It is easy to get the impression that bribery and other questionable payments are on the increase. Questionable payments can be (51) ____________ into three classes. The first is sums of money paid over to achieve political (52) ____________. Money given in this class isn’t always paid simply to (53) ____________ a contract. The political aims can be (54) ____________. It can be providing the money to (55) ____________ a foreign government. Or it can be to (56) ____________ support a political party. Sometimes large payments were made to support a US presidential (57) ____________. This is done to (58) ____________ arms sales or major construction contracts. The second class of payments tries to make the (59) ____________ of government run faster. Payments of this type (60) ____________ receive special treatment. They get a quick official (61) ____________. The third class (62) ____________ giving money in countries where doing so in acceptable. In these countries, there is a tradition of paying officials to (63) ____________ good business. So you must give money if you want a satisfactory business (64) ____________. To combat these problems the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC. is (65) ____________ a code of conduct prohibiting bribes. (66) ____________, an unfortunate difficulty is that opinions (67) ____________ among members of the ICC. The British members (68) ____________ the code to have the force of low. However, the French (69) ____________ the code should not be too strong. It should merely provide guidelines (70) ____________ what is ethically acceptable. As a result, some people argued recently that “industry is caught in a web of bribery” and that everyone is “on the take”.
51. A. parted B. isolated C. disconnected D. separated
52. A. objectives B. perspectives C. intentions D. balances
53. A. reap B. obtain C. derive D. recruit
54. A. disagreed B. varied C. changed D. distinct
55. A. break down B. lie down C. bring down D. set down
56. A. crucially B. commercially C. beneficially D. financially
57. A. inquirer B. applicant C. candidate D. participant
58. A. Secure B. commit C. fasten D. attach
59. A. heels B. wheels C. kneels D. cycles
60. A. appropriately B. properly C. correspondingly D. hence
61. A. removal B. approval C. rival D. survival
62. A. involves B. evolves C. revolves D. solves
63. A. promise B. assure C. ensure D. assert
64. A. deal B. share C. portion D. amount
65. A. in case of B. in charge of C. in light of D. in favor of
66. A. Therefore B. Hence C. However D. Thus
67. A. prefer B. differ C. transfer D. suffer
68. A. prefer B. tend C. incline D. lean
69. A. sense B. deal C. feel D. perceive
70. A. as if B. as usual C. as well D. as to
PartⅣ Reading Comprehension. (3’* 20 = 60’)
Directions: There are four passages in this section. Each section is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and write your answer on the Answer Sheet.
It is generally believed that the greatest damage of the old age is the loss of mental faculties. With the near doubling of life expectancy in the past century has come a mixed blessing. A few great thinkers and artists remained productive in their later years—Galileo, Monet, Shaw, Stravinsky, Tolstoy—but even they were not what they had been in their primes. In sciences, the boom falls sooner still:”A person who has not made his great contribution to sciences before the age of 30 will never do so,” said Einstein.
Imagine if we could transplant old brains into younger bodies: would our minds stay young, or would we be senile teenagers scaling mountains and skateboarding at 120, but forgetting where we put the car’s keys. Is the brain uniquely vulnerable to the ravages of time? Can anything be done?
Indisputable evidence from many studies shows that a higher level of education and great mental activity throughout life correlated with lower cognitive losses in old age. These benefits apply to all sorts of cognitive losses, including those associated with dementia. Some researchers believe that mental application in the early life produces complex neural connections that provide a reserve later on; others argue that education merely gives the people means to cope with and compensate for their losses.
K. Warner Shay, a professor of human development and psychology at Pennsylvania State University, has studied age-related change in more than 5000 people, some for more than 40 years. Comparing earlier with later recruits, Mr. Shay concludes that the rate of mental decline is slowing, a change he attributes to better education, healthier diet, lessened exposure to serious disease, and more mental activity. “You’re got to practice,” Mr. Shay says. “If you don’t solve problems, you no longer can solve problems.” Retirement can be particularly hard, he adds, because for many people, work is their most challenging activity. “Retirement is good for people who’ve had routine jobs--they may find something more stimulating. But it’s disadvantageous for people in high-level jobs, who are less likely to find something as stimulating as the job they had.”
K. Anders Ericsson, a psychology professor at Florida State University, confirms Mr. Shay’s emphasis on the virtue of practice. Initially interested in expert performance like musicians, he found that many geniuses aren’t really so different from everyone else—they just practice harder and longer, benefiting from sheer labor, rather than from some special gift. Professional musicians who continue to practice assiduously as they age continue to play well, while amateurs who just play for pleasure show age-related declines.
Mr. Ericsson’s studies failed to show significant generalized fitness from mental exercise. If you play tennis, you improve your fitness, but the greatest improvement is specific to tennis, not to other sports. It’s the same with cognitive exercise. You have to look at your life and pick what you want to improve.
71. According to the context, “a mixed blessing” (Para. 1) most probably means___.
A. living longer and losing more
B. living shorter and getting more
C. having a long life and making great contributions
D. achieving success both in young age and in old age
72. Scientific studies indicate that _________.
A. higher levels of education are related to greater mental awareness in young age
B. higher levels of education are irrelevant to lower levels of mental decline in old age
C. a higher level of education is the exclusive factor that can slow the rate of mental decline
D. less mental activity in life can probably result in higher cognitive losses in old age
73. According to the text, retirement can benefit those who _________.
A. have always had very busy work in their lives
B. have previously had depressing work experiences
C. can find more stimulating activities than they had through work
D. have had high-level jobs or very stimulating work experiences
74. The example of tennis is mentioned in the last paragraph to suggest that mental exercise _________.
A. can counter age-related mental decline in a comprehensive way
B. offers benefits directly bound up with that kind of exercise
C. should be paired with physical exercise for maximum benefit
D. is comparable to physical activities in term of its importance to overall health
75. Throughout this text the author mainly intends to ___________.
A. underline the difficulties directly related to aging
B. argue that old age need not be a barrier to success
C. comment on different theories of mental decline in old age
D. state how people can counter the impact of aging on mental faculties
I am one of the many city people who are always saying that given the choice we would prefer to live in the country away from the dirt and noise of a large city. I have managed to convince myself that if it weren’t for my job I would immediately head out for the open spaces and go back to nature in some sleepy village buried in the country. But how realistic is the dream?
Cities can be frightening places. The majority of the population live in massive tower blocks, noisy, dirty and impersonal. The sense of belonging to a community tends to disappear when you live fifteen floors up. All you can see from your window is sky, or other blocks of flats. Children become aggressive and nervous – cooped up at home all day, with nowhere to play, their mothers feel isolated from the rest of the world. Strangely enough, whereas in the past the inhabitants of one street all knew each other, nowadays people on the same floor in tower block don’t even say hello to each other.
Country life, on the other hand, differs from this kind of isolated existence in that a sense of community generally binds the inhabitants of small villages together. People have the advantage of knowing that there is always someone to turn to when they need help. But country life has disadvantages too. While it is true that you may be among friends in a village, it is also true that you are cut off from the exciting and important events that take place in cities. There’s little possibility of going to a new show or the latest movie. Shopping becomes a major problem, and for anything slightly out of the ordinary you have to go on an expedition to the nearest large town. The city-dweller who leaves for the country is often oppressed by a sense of unbearable stillness and quiet.
What, then, is the answer? The country has the advantage of peace and quiet, but suffers from the disadvantage of being cut off; the city breeds a feeling of isolation, and constant noise batters the senses. But one of its main advantages is that you are at the center of things, and that life doesn’t come to an end at half-past nine at night. Some people have found (or rather bought) a compromise between the two: they have expressed their preference for the “quiet life” by leaving the suburbs and moving to villages within commuting distance of large cities. They generally have about as much sensitivity as the plastic flowers they leave behind – they are polluted with strange ideas about change and improvement which they force on to the unwilling original inhabitants of the villages.
What then of my dreams of leaving on a cottage gate and murmuring “morning” to the locals as they pass by. I’m keen on the idea, but you see there’s my cat, Toby. I’m not at all sure that he would take to all that fresh air and exercise in the long grass. I mean, can you see him mixing with all those hearty males down the farm? No, he would rather have the electric imitation-coal fire any evening.
76. We get the impression from the first paragraph that the author ________.
A. used to live in the country
B. used to work in the city
C. works in the city
D. lives in the country
77. In the author’s opinion, the following may cause city people to be unhappy EXCEPT ________.
A. a strong sense of fear
B. lack of communication
C. housing conditions
D. a sense of isolation
78. The passage implies that it is easy to buy the following things in the country EXCEPT ________.
A. daily necessities
B. fresh fruits
C. designer clothes
D. fresh vegetables
79. According to the passage, which of the following adjectives best describes those people who work in large cities and live in villages? __________
80. Do you think the author will move to the country? __________
A. Yes, he will do so
B. No, he will not do so.
C. It is difficult to tell.
D. He is in two minds.
The status of women in colonial North America has been well studied and described and can be briefly summarized. Throughout the colonial period there was a marked shortage of women, which varied with the regions and was always greatest in the frontier areas. This favorable ratio enhanced women’s status and position and allowed them to pursue different careers. The Puritans, the religious sect that dominated the early British colonies in North America, regarded idleness as a sin, and believed that life in an underdeveloped country made it absolutely necessary that each member of the community perform an economic function. Thus work for women, married or single, was not only approved, it was regarded as a civic duty. Puritan town councils expected widows and unattached women to be self-supporting and for a long time provided needy spinsters with parcels of land. There was no social sanction against married women working; on the contrary, wives were expected to help their husbands in their trade and won social approval for doing extra work in or out of the home. Needy children, girls as well as boys, were indentured or apprenticed and were expected to work for their keep.
The vast majority of women worked within their homes, where their labor produced most articles needed for the family. The entire colonial production of cloth and clothing and partially that of shoes was in the hands of women. In addition to these occupations, women were found in many different kinds of employment. They were butchers, silversmiths, gunsmiths, and upholsterers. They ran mills, plantations, tan yards, shipyards, and every kind of shop, tavern, and boardinghouse. They were gatekeepers, jail keepers, sextons, journalists, printers, apothecaries, midwives, nurses, and teachers.
81. What does the passage mainly discuss? __________
A. Colonial marriages.
B. The Puritan religion.
C. Colonial women’s employment.
D. Education in the colonies.
82. According to the passage, where in colonial North America were there the fewest women? __________
A. Puritan communities.
C. Frontier settlements.
D. Capital cities.
83. It can be inferred from the passage that the Puritans were __________.
84. According to the passage, Puritans believed that an unmarried adult woman should be _________.
A. financially responsible for herself
B. returned to England
C. supported by her family
D. trained to be a nurse
85. According to the passage, what did the Puritans expected from married women?____
A. They should adopt needy children.
B. They should assist in their husbands’ trade or business.
C. They should work only within their own homes.
D. They should be apprenticed.
Did you know that all human beings have a “comfort zone” regulation the distance they stand from someone when they talk? This distance varies in interesting ways among people of different cultures.
Greeks, others of the Eastern Mediterranean, and many of those from South America normally stand quite close together when they talk, often moving their face even closer as they warm up in a conversation. North Americas find awkward and often back away a few inches. Studies have find that they tend to feel most comfortable at about 21 inches apart. In much of Asia and Africa, there is even more space between two speakers in conversation. This greater apace subtly lends an air of dignity and respect. This matter of space is nearly always unconscious, but it is interesting to observe.
This difference applies also to the closeness with which people sit together, the extent which they learn over one another in conversation, how they move as they argue or make an emphatic point. In the United States, for example, people try to keep their bodies apart even in a crowded elevator; in Paris they take it as it comes!
Although North America have a relatively wide “comfort zone” for taking, they communicate a great deal with their hands – not only with gesture but also with tough. They put a sympathetic hand on a person’s shoulder to demonstrate warmth of feeling or an arm around him in sympathy; they nudge a man in the ribs to emphasize a funny story; they pat an arm in reassurance or stroke a child’s head in affection, they readily take someone’s arm to help him across a street or derect him along an unfamiliar route. To many people – especially those from Asia or the Moslem counties – such bodily contact is unwelcome, especially those inadvertently done with left hand. (The left hand carries no special significance in the U.S. Many Americans are simply left handed and use that hand more.)
86. In terms of bodily distance, North Americans _________.
A. are similar to South Americans
B. stand farther apart
C. feel ill at ease when too close
D. move nearer during conversation
87. For Asians, the comfort zone _________.
A. is deliberately determined
B. measures 21 inches
C. varies according to status
D. implies esteem
88. It can be inferred from the passage that in a crowded elevator, a Frenchman _________.
A. would behave in the same way as an American would
B. would make no particular effect to distance himself
C. would be afraid of bodily contact
D. would do his best to leave
89. When Americans tell a joke, they often _________.
A. pat people on the head
B. give people a hug
C. dig people in the ribs
D. touch people on the arm
90. The passage mainly concern __________.
A. distance and bodily contact
B. body language
C. culture difference between the East and the West
PartⅤ Translation. (4’* 5 = 20’)
PartⅥ Writing. (30’)
Write on Answer Sheet a composition of about 200 words on the follow topic. Knowledge Should Be Gained from Practical Experience
State specifically what your view is.
Support your view with reasons.
Bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.
Marks will be given for content, organization and appropriacy. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.
Part I Listening Comprehension Section A: Conversations. (2’ ×15 = 30’)
1. C 2. A 3. D 4. D 5. C
6. C 7. B 8. A 9. D 10. C
11. B 12. A 13. D 14. B 15. A
Section B: Passages. (2’ ×10 = 20’)
16. C 17. B 18. C 19. C 20. D
21. A 22. B 23. C 24. C 25. B
Part II Grammar & Vocabulary. (2’×25=50’)
26. B 27. A 28. B 29. D 30. D
31. D 32. A 33. D 34. D 35. D
36. B 37. D 38. D 39. B 40. D
41. D 42. C 43. D 44. B 45. A
46. A 47. B 48. D 49. B 50. A
Part III Cloze. (1.5’×20=30’)
51. D 52. A 53. B 54. B 55. C
56. D 57. C 58. A 59. B 60. D
61. B 62. A 63. C 64. A 65. D
66. C 67. B 68. A 69. C 70. D
Part IV Reading Comprehension. (3’ ×20=60’)
Passage 1: 71-75 A D C B C
Passage 2: 76-80 C A C C B
Passage 3: 81-85 C C B A B
Passage 4: 86-90 C D B C A
Part Ⅴ Translation. (4’ ×5=20’)
91．Without any preliminary talk and quite suddenly and abruptly, he had told her that he was a victim of heart disease and might die at any moment.
92. They gave up their original plan because it was difficult to put into practice.
93. China's reform seems to be going very well and has consequently aroused the interest of more and more important figures of the world.
94. And someone with a history of doing more rather than less will go into old age more cognitively sound than someone who has not had an active mind.
95. It is characteristic of him to help others, for which he has won the respect of others.
Part Ⅵ Writing. (30’)
Knowledge Should Be Gained from Practical Experience
Knowledge can be acquired from many sources. These include books, teachers and practical experience, and each has its own advantages. The knowledge we gain from books and formal education enables us to learn about things that we have no opportunity to experience in daily life. We can study all the places in the world and learn from people we will never meet in our lifetime, just by reading about them in books. We can also develop our analytical skills and learn how to view and interpret the world around us in different ways. Furthermore, we can learn from the past by reading books. In this way, we won’t repeat the mistakes of others and can build on their achievements.
Practical experience, on the other hand, can give us more useful knowledge. It is said that one learns best by doing, and I believe that this is true, whether one is successful or not. In fact, I think making mistakes is the best way to learn. Moreover, if one wants to make new advances, it is necessary to act. Innovations do not come about through reading but through experimentation. Finally, one can apply the skills and insights gained through the study of books to practical experience, making an already meaningful experience more meaningful. However, unless it is applied to real experiences, book knowledge remains theoretical and, in the end, is useless. That is why I believe that knowledge gained from practical experience is more important than that acquired from books.